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Bunions Q & A
What is a bunion?
A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the inside of your big toe. This causes the big toe to move toward your second toe which results in the skin to be inflamed and sore. This big joint malalignment can result in pain during walking, activities and shoes.
Symptoms of bunion:
- Pain in the tip of the big toe and the joint, including the second toe
- Burning sensation and aching pain
- Swelling and redness
- Decreased flexibility
What are the causes of bunions?
Bunions have many causes including hereditary, poor biomechanics, ligament instability, poor shoe gear and idiopathic.
When should I seek help?
You should seek help when symptoms are affecting your functionality, pain has not improved with conservative treatment, and for cosmetic reasons.
What are my treatment options?
Not all bunions are symptomatic and limit functionality.
Generally, conservative care includes:
- Wider shoe gear
- Padding over the bump
Surgical care includes:
- Minimally invasive techniques
- Fusion of joint
- Realignment of bone(s)